The Cortrite home and Fanning Mill Works is an image that appeared in Durant’s History of Ingham and Eaton Counties, Michigan. The color image is one that I came across years ago, I just cannot remember where. The address of the home was listed on the illustration as being 96 Michigan Avenue in 1880. So just where was that? Well in today’s world it is 808-814 E. Michigan Avenue. The Fanning Mill was sited at 810-814 E. Michigan Avenue while the home was located at 808 E. Michigan Avenue. That is in the elevated lot between Moriarty’s Pub and Stober’s Bar. The Fanning Mill Factory is long gone, but the home existed until the mid 1980s. Hard to believe that the home was not listed in Memorandum 76, that may have been because of the homes location, set back from the street and between two commercial blocks. Simply it may have been overlooked.

The Cortrite Fanning Mill from the 1870 patent

Durant in his history of Ingham County stated that that the Eureka Fanning Mill plant was established in Lansing in 1875. Prior to that Henry Cortrite operated the factory that manufacture fanning mills in Plymouth, Michigan. Henry relocated to Lansing because of its central location to the railroad lines. If you consider where the new fanning mill was located, just two blocks east of the Michigan Central Railroad line and several blocks from the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway line, the factory was in a perfect position to capitalize on shipping via the railroads. Barnard Cortrite was the inventor of the Cortrite fanning mill, Henry his brother, was not listed in the patent. Barnard also operated a factory to manufacture fanning mills in Norwalk, Ohio, while his brother Henry operated the factory in Lansing. Between 1876 and 1880 the two plants manufactured and sold over 10,000 fanning mills. A fanning mill was an implement that employed sieves and a fan to remove chaff from grain that had been threshed. Later, the technology was combined with the threshing machine, eliminating the need for a separate mill. On Sunday, April 23, 1882 disaster struck the Lansing business when the warehouse that contained 150 finished fanning mills was destroyed by fire. Although the business was insured the production of fanning mills by the Cortrite’s ended in Lansing. (ICN 4/27/1882) The 1883 Lansing City Directory listed Joseph Schneeberger (1832-1911), as the owner of the Eureka Fanning Mills and living at 804 E. Michigan.[1] At this time, it is unknown when Henry sold his business to Joseph, but it must have been in either 1881 or 1882 and it is not clear if Joseph was manufacturing the Cortrite fanning mill or one of a different design.

Henry Cortrite

Henry Cortrite was born in Phelps, New York on November 23, 1837 to Garrett and Electa (née Pullen) Cortrite. When he was 16 he moved with his mother, sister and younger brother to Genesee County, Michigan, Henry’s father Garrett died Phelps, New York on June 16, 1857, just why the family moved to Michigan four years prior to Garrett’s death is unknown. On November 23, 1864, Henry married Miss Annie E. Moreland, the couple has six children, Bernard, Elizabeth, Mary Jane, Henry, Charles B., and Lucretia E. Cortrite. After leaving Lansing for Pontiac, Henry worked in the real estate business and owned a farm. Henry died in Pontiac, Michigan on December 7, 1909. His brother, Bernard continued manufacturing fanning mills in Norwalk, Ohio and retired to California, he passed away on February 17, 1921.

Detail of the porch on Henry Cortrite’s home on Michigan Avenue

I almost forgot, I was exploring the house at 808 E. Michigan. So, if you examine the above image of the porch and focus on the arch between the columns you can see that there is a small opening near columns side of the arch, and another at the center that carried through with the arch. Now observe in the next two images and you can see that the same pattern repeated. Unfortunately, the detailed millwork from the upper part of the porch is missing from the two later images of the home.

808 E. Michigan from the 1950s (CADL/FPLA)

The Cortrite home was later divided in to five separate apartments. You can see the two separate front entrances in the images from the 1950s. The second-floor windows have been replaced with the ornate central window being exchanged with a door. All the gingerbread bargeboard had been removed from the home giving the structure a rather pedestrian appearance.

808 E. Michigan from the 1950s (CADL/FPLA)

So just what happened to the home? Well it became sort of a flop house. The majority of the references in the Lansing State Journal in regard to 808 E. Michigan Avenue are either advertisements for apartment rentals of notices regarding the criminal citations for one of the residents. The home was torn down in 1985. So, what does this all mean? Well it is another example of Lansing choosing destruction over preservation. You may think that this is out of place because the structure is in what has been called the downtown corridor, which is asinine. As much as the mayor and advertisers like to state, downtown is west of the river and not east.

© Lost Lansing 2018

[1] This is a good time to point out that addresses in Lansing changed several times between the 1880s and 1906 when Lansing implemented the Philadelphia method or street addresses.

The Porter Home on the South West Corner of Washington and Kalamazoo. (CADL/FPLA)

So sometimes it’s fun to look at an old image and see what we can learn from it. The other day I was on Forest Parke Library and Archive’s site, Local History Online, and I came across the above image of the Porter House on South Washington Avenue and Kalamazoo Street. The image was described as the E. H. Porter House, located on the south west corner of Washington and Kalamazoo. The home was owned by Edwin H. Porter, he acquired it from Charles W. Butler in 1871 in exchange for Porter’s home on Townsend Street. Charles was the son of Orange Butler, Charles was a developer who along with Edward Sparrow and John J. Bush platted the Bush, Butler & Sparrow’s Subdivision.

The Porter Home on the 1866 Bird’s Eye View.

The home was built circa 1862 by Charles and can be seen on the 1866 Bird’s Eye View of Lansing. Edwin Haines Porter was born in Onondaga, New York on December 16, 1822 to Seth John and Cynthia Miriam (née Haines) Porter. Edwin came to Michigan with his parents in 1832 and in 1846 married Miss Adeline E. Waiter, the couple had four children; Harvey, Charles, Alice and Nellie. Adeline Porter died in June 1866. During the Civil War, Edwin enlisted with the 4th Michigan Cavalry, serving as Quartermaster and was present at the capture of the Jefferson Davis. After the war, Edwin married Miss Emily E. Nash in 1867. Edwin passed away on May 6, 1912. (LSJ 5/6/1912)

An enlarged image of the Porter Home.

Before we continue with a history of the Porter residence, I thought it would be interesting to look at the house close-up. Notice how the porch extends around the home. There is a picturesque element to the structure. The gingerbread details on the lower and upper porch lend to the elegance of the home, coupled with the ornate widow’s walk made this one of the impressive homes in early Lansing.

An extreme close-up of the Porter Home.

So, you may think there is nothing of the above image, but look closely, I know it’s not much but this is the earliest image we have of the Freewill Baptist Church. Notice the steeple to the right of the widow’s walk. Between 1880 and 1882, Porter sold the home to Dr. Charles N. Hayden who the 1883 Lansing City Directory is listed as residing at 402 S. Washington, the house retained the 402 S. Washington address until 1894, the address changed to 111 W. Kalamazoo. Why? Well we are going to look at a series of maps that may help to explain what happened.

From the 1873 Lansing map. Notice the location and footprint of the Porter home and site of the Freewill Baptist Church.

This is an image the 1892 Lansing Sanborn Map. Notice that there is now a grocery business built on the front of Lot 1. This explains why the house number was 402 S. Washington. Also observe the shape of the Porter home, notice how it matches the shape on the 1873 map and the 1866 Bird’s Eye View. Also, the wrap around porch is present in all the images, except the next.

Above is an image from the 1898 Lansing Sanborn Map. Look how the home is was located to the back of the lot, away from the rear of the grocery building. I believe it is quite possible that the home was moved to the back of the lot and that the western single story structure was removed. Look at the layout of the home in 1898, it resembles the 1892 layout without the wrap around porch and single story wing. Is this conclusive proof, no but it needs to be considered? The 1906 and 1913 Lansing Sanborn Maps all show the same footprint for the home. In 1896, the address for Dr. Charles N. Hayden changed to 111 W. Kalamazoo. Dr. Hayden lived in the home until his death in 1902. The home at 111 W. Kalamazoo was torn down around 1935 and turned into a used car lot. Previous to that the home become a flop house.

© Lost Lansing 2018

Frank Clark started to build the Clarkmobile in 1902 and the first model appeared in 1903.  The Lansing newspapers, on June 6, 1903 ran a story on the ‘Unbreakable Clarkmobile’, driven by Will Newbrough, and how the car and driver survived a bad accident.  Does the name of the driver seem familiar? The 1903 Clarkmobile was a marvel of innovative features.  It had wheel steering, a front end, (yes it had a hood) and a perky little engine.  Frank Clark’s father, Albert, was unsure about this new-fangled form of transportation, so Frank stayed away from the automobile industry until after his father’s death.  One interesting facet of automotive history is that Clark & Company Carriage Works built the body for the first test car produced by Ransom E. Olds in 1896.

A Close up of the 1904 Clarkmobile

Frank Clark sold his rights to the Clarkmobile to the New Way Motor Company in 1905.  Frank Clark went into business with Claude Furgason and established the Furgason Motor Company in 1909 to create the next generation motorcar, which would be known as the Clark. The problem is the image clearly states the vehicle was produced by the Clark & Company?  Why not the Furgason Motor Company?

New Way Motor Company

 

Here is an ad for the New Way Clarkmobiles.  Clark sold his interest in the Clarkmobile to 1905 to the New Way Motor Company.  It is interesting to note that the models being sold are from the previous year.

The New Way Motor Company was formed in January of 1905 as a successor [?] of the Clarkmobile Company.  The Lansing Journal 1/26/1905 explains that, “The Clarkmobile Co. has been reorganized for the continuation of the business under the name New Way Motor Co.” The initial capitalization was $100,000; Arthur Cortland Stebbins was president of the company, Joseph W. Knapp vice president, William H. Newbrough treasurer, Earl W. Goodnow secretary and finally Charles H. Way was the mechanical engineer. Chester D. Woodbury, Harris E. Thomas and Homer D. Luce also facilitated the incorporation of the company, which would also produce gasoline engines. This is odd, the sale of the Clarkmobile was almost an afterthought, was the production of engines was the main focus of the company? Or was the intent to sell off the Clarkmobiles and concentrate on the production of engines? Just what type of engine did the Clarkmobile use? They had a 7 H.P., 4 cycle single cylinder gasoline engine. Did Frank Clark design the engine? Why wasn’t Frank Clark part of the new company? These are questions I have not been able to find answers to. What is known is that New Way was briefly housed in the old Clark plant on South Grand Avenue until its move to Sheridan Street. One curious note in the State Republican from January 26, 1905 stated that a new auto car was being perfected in their shop. Did that mean they were improving the Clarkmobile? The article also stated that Newbrough owned 137 shares of the company, Stebbins 110 shares, Thomas 45 shares, Woodbury 55 shares, Knapp 55 shares, Goodnow 28 shares and Luce and Way 15 shares each. Did Frank Clark sell his entire interest in the company or was it lost to the initial investors? Just a note, the company was named after William H. Newbrough and Charles H. Way. (LSJ 2/11/1931)

The names of several prominent Lansing families are mentioned as having an interest in the New Way Motor Company.  The real driving force behind the company was William H. Newbrough and Charles Way.  By June of 1905 there is no mention of the Clarkmobile when the Lansing Journal described the move of the New Way Plant to Sheridan Street. The article only discussed the New Way Air Cooled Engine. Did the company sell off the remaining Clarkmobiles to cover the cost of their acquisitions? There was no reference to the new vehicle that was being perfected in January 1905. (LJ 6/26/1905 and SR 6/27/1905) It is interesting to note that a Will Newbrough is mention in an early newspaper account of the ‘Unbreakable Clarkmobile’. Just what the relationship between Newbrough and Clark was is still unknown.

The Charles Way, Engine Patent filed in 1904 Approved 1907

The New Way Motor Company essential was in the production of an air-cooled engine that was the brainchild of Charles Way. The company used the old Clarkmobile chassis and fitted it with the new engine [I can find no documentation for this statement which appears in several encyclopedias on automobiles]. The Clarkmobile Company transferred its patents and other properties to New Way Motor in 1905 [the transferred patents were # 776,708, 870,001 and 768,162]. The New Way Motor Company survived until 1930 when it was placed in receivership and its assets were put up for sale.  A company with the name of New Way Engine and Machine Company continued until 1940. After that there is no record of the company. See LJ 9/26/1908, LSJ 10/9/1930 and LSJ 3/7/1936

Charles Harvey Way, the mechanical engineer/designer behind the New Way Engine, which seems to have been designed while he was an employee of the Clarkmobile Company. I am not an automotive engineer but the engine appears to be impractical for use in an automobile but perfect for a stationary engine. This may be the reason why New Way was interested in acquiring the Clarkmobile Company, not for the vehicle but for the stationary engine that Way designed.

 

Clark Power Wagon

Frank Gunnison Clark was born in Lansing in 1866 to Albert and Hannah (née Gunnison) Clark. Frank attended Lansing Public schools and he graduated from the Michigan Agricultural College in 1890 with a B.S. in the Mechanical Course. After he completed his studies Frank work for his father at the Clark Carriage Works. On August 21, 1897, the Olds Motor Vehicle Company was formed with Frank J. Clark being named as a stock holder with 125 shares. Just what Frank Clark and Ransom E. Olds relationship was is unclear, Olds was born in Ohio in 1864 and his family came to Lansing in 1880. Undoubtedly the two young men knew each other, the families lived within three blocks of each other and both their fathers Pliny and Albert we familiar with each other’s business. The story goes that Ransom and Frank formed an agreement that Ransom would furnish an engine, while Frank would build a body, together they hoped to create a motor vehicle. Their parents were stunned and forbad the two you men from working together. What Frank and Ransom did was to work together on the vehicle late at night away from the oversight of their parents. It seems odd the Olds family would prohibit Ransom from working with Frank, Ransom was 32 years old and was part owner with his father in the machine shop, while Frank was 30 and had married in 1893, but lived with his parents and wife in 1900 at his father’s home. I am not sure what happened between Clark and Olds and why Frank Clark was not part of Olds Motor works or later REO. Frank designed and built the Clarkmobile, which was later sold to New Way Company, Frank later founded the Clark Motor Company, neither company brought Frank success. He later built a truck called the Clark Power Wagon and helped to establish the commercial truck industry in the United States. The Clark Power Wagon Company was the successor to the Clark Motor Company and the Fergason Motor Company using the old Clark Carriage Works plant as its production facility. (Motor Age 4/21/1910) The Clark Power Wagon Company stopped operations in 1912, REO began manufacturing trucks in late 1910, I have never compared the designs of the Clark Power Wagon and the first REO truck, but I am sure it would be interesting. In 1913, Frank left Lansing for Pontiac where he founded the Columbia Motor Truck and Trailer Company a business he managed until his retirement in 1929. Frank settled in Mason, Michigan after his retirement and died of a heart attack while visiting Bloomfield Hills, Michigan on August 14, 1952, he was 85. (LSJ 8/15/1952)

© Lost Lansing 2018